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Implementation system of Twinning projects

Twinning is organized and implemented by:

  1. EU member state
  2. Beneficiary country
  3. European Commission

Roles of Twinning stakeholders

EU member state

From the EU member state’s point of view, relevant institution within the framework of its public administration participates in implementation of Twinning project. Project team consists of:

  • Project Leader – a high ranking official of EU member state who is able to provide institutional support for project and thus ensure its successful implementation;
  • Resident Twinning Adviser (RTA) – a civil servant from the EU member state institution seconded to relevant institution in beneficiary country during project implementation period. RTA is the backbone of the Twinning project and the success of project often depends on RTA’s expertise, flexibility and dedication;
  • Short-Term Experts – directly participate in the implementation of project activities and realization of the achievement of mandatory results in cooperation with beneficiary institution.

National Contact Points (NCPs), established in all EU member states, have an important role as well. NCP is the central point of communication between the European Commission and the EU member state, as well as between National Contact Points of beneficiary countries and other EU member states. Member state NCP has a central role in promotion and coordination of Twinning project and especially in communication, channelling information in different phases of Twinning project (e.g. it receives and forwards Calls for Twinning Proposals to interested institutions).

Beneficiary Country (BC)

Beneficiary institutions participate in implementation of Twinning project in beneficiary country (mostly ministries and state agencies) and the following persons are appointed within each Twinning project:

  • BC Project Leader (usually a state official who is able to ensure adequate project implementation through his/her high-rank position);
  • RTA counterpart;
  • Counterparts of Short Term Experts within the framework of the project.

Authorized implementing body also participates in implementation of Twinning project (CFCA), which performs the role of contracting authority in the decentralized management system; i.e. concludes the contract with relevant EU member state institution.

Duties of BC National Contact Point for Twinning:

  • Central point of communication between the European Commission and the beneficiary country, as well as between National Contact Points of other beneficiary countries and EU member states;
  • Directs information to beneficiary institutions and provides assistance in all phases of Twinning project implementation;
  • Coordinates the administration of all activities within the framework of Twinning project and solves possible administrative issues;
  • Provides assistance to beneficiary institutions in the implementation of procedural, financial and technical provisions of the Twinning Manual.

European Commission

European Commission performs an important role in various stages of Twinning project life cycle.

Key roles of the European Commission are:

  • Setting priorities for allocation of EU funds for Twinning projects and programming process in the framework of respective financial instruments (e.g. IPA, Transition Facility);
  • Laying down legal, financial and procedural framework for Twinning projects with the purpose of ensuring transparency and consolidated implementation, as well as coordination of all stakeholders;
  • Formal evaluation of the detailed Work Plan through Steering Committee and assessment of its credibility in relation to mandatory result;
  • Provision of the induction training for RTAs in Bruxelles, monitoring and evaluation of Twinning project through stipulated interim reports and final report;
  • Administrative support, including general coordination, counselling on rules and procedures, interpretation of the Twinning Manual and overall support in the project implementation.

Web site of the European Commission where information on the Twinning instrument can be found:


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